Russia Opens Giant Gas Link to China
The world’s biggest natural gas exporter and one of the globe’s top consumers of the fuel cemented their energy cooperation on the 2nd December with the launch of Russia’s giant Power of Siberia pipeline to northern China.
Gas started flowing towards China through the link, which has become a symbol of President Vladimir Putin’s pivot to the fast-growing economies of Asia as relations deteriorate with the West.
The pipeline, which runs from Russia’s enormous reserves in eastern Siberia and will eventually be 3,000 kilometres (1,900 miles) long, will help satisfy China’s vast and expanding energy needs.
“The tap is open, gas is being supplied to the gas transportation system” of China, Alexey Miller, chief executive officer of Gazprom PJSC, told Mr Putin via video link from the compression station near the Chinese border.
Gazprom, Russia’s biggest gas producer, signed the US$400 billion contract to supply as much as 38 billion cubic metres of gas annually for 30 years with China National Petroleum Corporation in 2014, after more than a decade of talks.
It is Gazprom’s biggest contract ever.
“This step is bringing Russian-Chinese strategic cooperation in energy to a whole new level,” Mr Putin said to his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping via video link. Xi called it “a milestone project for the bilateral energy cooperation.”
Gazprom plans to start with deliveries of ten million cubic metres a day and aims to reach peak capacity by 2025. Minimum exports to China via the pipeline will be five billion cubic metres in 2020, ten billion in 2021 and 15 billion in 2022, according to the company.
Gazprom has not disclosed the price of the gas, but Mr Putin has said it will be linked to oil prices, similar to the formula for European consumers.
While Russia will have to compete with seaborne supplies of liquefied natural gas from producers such as Qatar and Australia, the expectation is that growth in China’s energy needs will require more pipeline and LNG capacity.
That will benefit other Russian firms such as Novatek PJSC, which is developing LNG on the Yamal peninsula in the Kara Sea.
Gas consumption in China, Asia’s biggest economy, has surged in recent years as the government pressures homes and factories to use it in place of coal to combat air pollution.
Imports reached 43% of total gas supply in 2018, with about two-fifths of that arriving via pipeline from Central Asia and Myanmar, with the rest sourced as LNG.