Oil nears US$49 as brighter demand outlook sparks optimism

Oil climbed the most in a week as the International Energy Agency and OPEC improved their outlook for demand.


Futures gained as much as 1.8% in New York. The IEA sees global oil demand rising this year by the most since 2015, while OPEC boosted projections for consumption in Europe and China. Plus, the cartel and its allies are said to be considering an extension of their output-cut deal beyond March.


Meanwhile, US gasoline inventories tumbled the most on record last week as refineries in Texas are still recovering from Hurricane Harvey.


The IEA’s stronger demand estimates have helped lift oil prices, Matthew Beck, managing director of a US$8-billion oil and natural gas bond and private-equity portfolio at John Hancock Financial Services Inc in Boston, said. At the same time, “there has been a fair bit of OPEC rhetoric in the market the last few days of potentially extending cuts and focusing on reducing exports, which would all be positive.”


Oil in New York has closed below US$50/bbl since July as efforts to drain a global glut by the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries and partners including Russia confront rising shale output. One option that OPEC and its allies are considering is a six-month extension to supply curbs from the end of March, according to a person familiar with the matter.


West Texas Intermediate for October delivery rose 72 cents to US$48.95/bbl at 12:14 pm on the New York Mercantile Exchange. Total volume traded was about 13% above the 100-day average. Prices climbed 16 cents to US$48.23 on the 12th September.


The S&P 500 Energy Index climbed as much as 1.2%, with Chesapeake Energy Corporation jumping 8%, while Pioneer Natural Resources Company and Devon Energy Corporation gained more than 3.5%.


Brent for November settlement increased 58 cents to US$54.85 on the London-based ICE Futures Europe exchange. The global benchmark crude traded at a premium of US$5.46 to November WTI.


Brent’s large premium over the US benchmark “is the most telling signal that US crude oil markets need more time to return to normal in the wake of Hurricane Harvey,” IHS Markit said in a note on the 13th September.


OPEC members are discussing prolonging the cuts ahead of a ministerial meeting scheduled for late November in Vienna, with a three-month extension seen as the minimum, the people said. The duration will depend on multiple variables, including the level of compliance, the pace of the output recovery in Libya and Nigeria, US shale supply and the strength of global demand.


In the midst of unstable refinery operations due to Harvey, nationwide gasoline stockpiles slid by 8.43 million to 218.3 MMbbl last week, the lowest level since December 2015, a report from the Energy Information Administration showed on the 13th September.


At the same time, crude inventories climbed by 5.89 MMbbl to 468.2 million, while refinery utilization sunk. Cushing, Oklahoma supplies rose by the most since March, while oil production climbed by the most since 2012.


“Storage data is going to continue to be choppy, as it was this week, for the next few weeks,” Beck said. “We expect crude prices to be stuck in somewhat of a holding pattern until we have Gulf Coast refineries brought back to full capacity.”